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Old 01-31-2005, 12:23 PM   #1
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Janes Ammunition Handbook- 7.62mm NATO

There were some questions regarding the 7.62mm NATO manufactured by various countries. I was surfing Janes Ammunition Handbook at work this morning and this is what they have listed;







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SMALL ARMS, United States
Date Posted: 03-Feb-2004
Jane's Ammunition Handbook
________________________________________
7.62 × 51 mm cartridge
Synonyms
7.62 mm NATO; 0.308 Winchester
Armament
All weapons chambered to Stanag dimensions; notably FN Fal, G3, M14, BM59 rifles, FN mag, L4, MG3, M60 machine guns.
Development
The 7.62 × 51 mm cartridge was devised in the US in the early 1950s as a compromise between the full-sized 0.30-06 and a proposed British 7 mm round; it is little more than the 0.30-06 with a shortened case. Improvements in powder technology allowed the new round to retain the same ballistics as the 0.30-06. Nevertheless, many of its competitors were far more advanced. The US used its considerable influence to override all allied objections, and the 7.62 × 51 mm became international standard. The 7.62 mm international cartridge is too powerful to be a practical assault-rifle round, resulting in the development of the 5.56 × 45 mm cartridge only a few years after its adoption. The 7.62 mm international cartridge remains in wide distribution for use in general-purpose machine guns and sniper rifles.
Description
The case is rimless and bottlenecked, brass or lacquered steel, Berdan or Boxer primed. Cartridges manufactured to the relevant international specification are marked with a cross-in-circle symbol on the head, forming part of the national pattern of headstamp. The standard ball bullet has a lead-antimony core in a jacket of steel coated with gilding metal.
Specifications
US M80 ball
Round length: 69.85 mm
Case length: 51.05 mm
Rim diameter: 11.94 mm
Bullet diameter: 7.82 mm
Bullet weight: 9.65 g
Muzzle Velocity (MV): 854 m/s
Muzzle energy: 3,519 J
Abridged ballistic table
7.62 × 51 mm M80 ball
Range Velocity Energy Drop Elevation Vertex
0 m 854 m/s 3,519 J 0 mm 0 mils 0 mm
100 m 778 m/s 2,920 J 79 mm 0.75 mils 20 mm
200 m 709 m/s 2,425 J 317 mm 1.6 mils 85 mm
300 m 642 m/s 1,988 J 659 mm 2.63 mils 211 mm
400 m 578 m/s 1,612 J 1,455 mm 3.77 mils 418 mm
500 m 518 m/s 1,295 J 2,456 mm 5.09 mils 730 mm
Manufacturer
US government contractors
Type: Ball M59: Full Metal Jacket (FMJ); non-streamlined, lead core; 7 g; MV 838 m/s
Ball M80: FMJ, Stream-Lined (SL); lead core; 9.65 g; MV 838 m/s
Ball duplex M198: Front bullet 5.44 g; rear bullet 5.5 g; MV 838 m/s (front); 670 m/s (rear)
Ball frangible M160: 7.06 g, formed of bakelite and powdered lead; not to perforate 0.476 mm Dural at 25 m; MV 402 m/s
Ball match M118: FMJ; 11.37 g; MV 777 m/s
Tracer M16: FMJ; semi-streamlined, lead tip filler; base tracer; 6.93 g
Tracer M27: FMJ; similar to M16 but dark ignition; 6.45 g
Tracer M62: FMJ; 9.2 g; dark ignition red trace 100-800 m; MV 838 m/s
AP M61: FMJ; steel core; 9.75 g; MV 838 m/s
Grenade M64: star crimp; MV 48 m/s with 700 g grenade
Equivalent rounds
Argentina
Manufacturer
Dirección General de Fabricaciones Militares
Type: Ball FMK 1 Model 0: FMJ; 9.3 g; MV 830 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; 8.93 g; MV 810 m/s; red trace visible to 800 m minimum
Armour-Piercing (AP) FMK 2 Mod 0: FMJ; hardened steel core; 9.75 g; MV 812 m/s
Armour-Piercing Incendiary (AP-I) FMK 3 Mod 0: FMJ; steel core, with incendiary filling in the nose of the jacket; 9 g; MV 830 m/s
Observing FMK 5 Mod 0: FMJ; steel core, explosive filling so as to produce a smoke ball on impact; trajectory matches that of the ball FMK 1 Mod 0; 9 g; MV 830 m/s
Ball special match FMK 9 Mod 0: FMJ; 9.3 g; 848 m/s; this is a specially assembled and selected ball cartridge for sniping and competition use in bolt-action rifles
Blank FMK 8 Mod 0: Plastic case, steel extraction rim, case mouth plugged with wax
Blank star: Plastic case with extended nose to simulate bullet; steel extraction rim; alternatively aluminium case with extended crimped nose
Blank FMK 14 Mod 0: Aluminium case, rose crimp
Grenade-launcher FMK 11 Mod 0: Brass case, rose crimp
Austria
Manufacturer
Hirtenberger AG
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.45 g; MV 837 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; dark ignition, red trace to 1,000 m; 8.95 g; V10 834 m/s
AP: FMJ, AP steel core; 9.45 g; MV 837 m/s
AP: FMJ, tungsten core, 9.7 g; V10 850 m/s; penetrates 10 mm armour plate at 300 m
Sniper ball: FMJ; 11.0 g; V10 760 m/s
Match ball: FMJ; 12.3 g; MV 730 m/s
Short-range ball: Plastic core, brass jacket; 4.35 g; MV 905 m/s; max range 750 m; functions in automatic weapons
Ball subsonic: Jacketed Hollow-Point (JHP); 12.3 g; V10 310 m/s
Ball: Jacketed Soft-Point (JSP), Sierra bullet; 10.7 g; V0 780 m/s
Ball: JSP, Nosler bullet; 11.6 g; MV 770 m/s
Ball ABC: FMJ; 10.7 g; MV 750 m/s; gilding-metal jacket; lead core; 4 longitudinal expansion grooves ensure penetration with controlled expansion
Blank: Brass case, crimped
Bulleted blank: Brass case, wooden bullet coloured red
Grenade-launcher: Brass case, crimped
Belgium
Manufacturer
FN Herstal SA
Type: Ball SS77/1: FMJ; 9.3 g; V25 833.5 m/s
Tracer L78: FMJ; 8.93 g; V25 828 m/s
AP P80: FMJ; 9.75 g; V25 823 m/s; can penetrate 6 mm steel plate at 100 m
API PI86: FMJ; 9 g; V25 822 m/s; can penetrate 6 mm steel plate at 100 m
Blank: Brass case, rose crimp; cartridge weight 10 g
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Manufacturer
Unis Igman doo
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.4 g; V23.77 838 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; 8.51 g; V23.77 813 m/s
Blank: Rosette crimp
Brazil
Manufacturer
Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos
Type: Match ball: FMJ; 10.5 g; V25 750 m/s
Ball: FMJ, SL; 9.33 g; V25 838 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; 8.75 g; velocity adjusted during manufacture to obtain best match with ball trajectory; V25 838 m/s
AP: FMJ; steel core; 9.55 g; V25 838 m/s
Armour-Piercing Hard-Core (AP-HC): FMJ; tungsten core; 8.3 g; V25 840 m/s
Incendiary M77: FMJ; 9.4 g; V25 808 m/s
Blank: Brass case, star crimp
Canada
Manufacturer
Simunition
Type: Frangible ball: Solid bronze/copper polymer compound bullet; 3.85 g; MV 800 m/s; max range 600 m
Tracer: Bronze/copper polymer compound; 3.85 g; MV 800 m/s; red trace to 100 m; max range 600 m
Chile
Manufacturer
Famae
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.5 g; MV 810 m/s
Czech Republic
Manufacturer
Sellier & Bellot
Type: Ball: FMJ; 11.7 g
Egypt
Manufacturer
Aboukir Engineering Industries
Type: Ball: FMJ; 8 g; MV 833 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; rear trace to 770 m; MV 827 m/s
Manufacturer
Shoubra Company
Type: Ball: FMJ; lead core; 9.45 g; V10 837 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; red trace; 8.95 g; V10 834 m/s
AP: FMJ; steel core; 9.45 g; V10 837 m/s
Finland
Manufacturer
Nammo Lapua Oy
Type: Ball B416 subsonic: FMJ; 13 g; MV 325 m/s
Ball B466: FMJ; 9.72 g; MV 850 m/s
Ball B476: FMJ; 11.6 g; MV 860 m/s
Ball D46 11.0: Full Metal Jacket Boat-Tail (FMJBT); 11.0 g; MV 780 m/s
Ball D46 12.0: FMJBT; 12.0 g; MV 760 m/s
Ball E415: FMJ, Mega; 12 g; MV 765 m/s
Ball GB422: FMJ; 10.85 g; MV 820 m/s
Ball GB422 Silver Jacket: Hollow-Point Boat-Tail (HPBT); 10.85 g; MV 840 m/s
Ball GB432: FMJ; 12 g; MV 755 m/s
Ball GB 432 Silver Jacket: HPBT; 12 g; MV 795 m/s
Ball GB491: FMJ; 11.6 g; MV 860 m/s
Ball GB491 Silver Jacket: HPBT; 10 g; MV 865 m/s
AP492: FMJ; 11 g; MV 860 m/s
Manufacturer
Sako Ltd
Type: Ball: FMJ; 6.6 g; MV 950 m/s
Ball: FMJ; 8 g; MV 890 m/s
Ball: JSP; 8 g; MV 925 m/s
Ball: HP; 10.9 g; MV 845 m/s
Ball: JHP; 12.3 g; MV 770 m/s
Soft-Point (SP): 9.7 g; MV 870 m/s
SP: 11.7 g; MV 795 m/s
SP: 13 g; MV 745 m/s
SP: 10.1 g; MV 850 m/s
France
Manufacturer
Giat Industries
Type: Ball SS77/1: FMJ; 9.3 g; MV 850 m/s
Ball SS97: FMJ; 9.3 g; MV 850 m/s
Ball BO: FMJ; 9.65 g; MV 815 m/s
Ball BOPR (precision): HPBT; 9.65 g; 815 m/s
Tracer L78: FMJ; base tracer, red trace visible to 777 m; 8.93 g; MV 850 m/s
Ball BT (tracer): FMJ; red trace; 8.93 g; MV 820 m/s
AP P80: FMJ; steel core; 9.75 g; MV 850 m/s
AP-I P86: FMJ; AP steel core, incendiary composition in tip; 9 g; MV 850 m/s
Precision: HPBT, Sierra bullet; 10.9 g; MV 820 m/s
AP: FMJ, tungsten core; 9.5 g; MV 820 m/s
Balle plastique: 3.9 g; MV 810 m/s
Practice ball: 2.1 g; MV 1,300 m/s
Short-range practice ball: 2.12 g; MV 1,100 m/s
Blank: Brass case, crimped
Manufacturer
SFM Défense
Type: Tracer: FMJ; red trace; 9 g; MV 820 m/s
TR reduced charge: Plastic; MV 675 m/s
Manufacturer
Anthena
AP/PPI: 9.5 g; MV 820 m/s; penetration >10 mm of Rolled Homogeneous Armour (RHA) at 200 m or 3.5 mm of international plate at 1,150 m
Germany
Manufacturer
RUAG Ammotec
Type: Ball DM111: FMJ; 9.45 g; MV 850 m/s; Sintox, non-toxic
Tracer: FMJ; red trace; 8.95 g; MV 850 m/s
Match S ball: FMJ; 12.3 g; MV 750 m/s
Practice KB: This uses a special short-range bullet composed of a light-alloy body with a plastic pointed nose cap; during firing, the nose cap is ejected from the body of the bullet and falls to the ground shortly after leaving the muzzle; the bullet body, now flat-nosed, is strongly retarded by air resistance and therefore has a maximum range approximating 50 per cent of that of a service bullet; bullet weight 5.55 g; MV 870 m/s; maximum training range 150 m; maximum flight range 1,150 m
PT: This is a one-piece plastic-case bullet with a metal extraction rim; the `bullet' portion is weakened so as to detach from the `case' on firing and to be ejected from the muzzle; the bullet has a maximum flight range of about 300 m and a maximum training range of 50 m; bullet weight 0.70 g; MV 1,100 m/s
Practice PT-T: Similar to the PT round but with a tracer element in the bullet; 1 g; MV 1,100 m/s
Target: FMJ; 9.52 g; MV 900 m/s
Ball: FMJ; 9.45 g; MV 835 m/s; Sintox
Tracer: FMJ; 8.95 g; MV 835 m/s; Sintox
Blank: Plastic case, star crimp, Sintex
Short-range training ball: Plastic bullet, 0.7 g; MV 1,100 m/s
Short-range training tracer: Plastic bullet, 1.0 g; MV 1,100 m/s
Cone point: FMJ; 9.72 g; MV 870 m/s
Ball: Pointed Soft-Point (PSP); 9.72 g; MV 868 m/s
Brenneke ideal: 9.72 g; MV 868 m/s
Match: FMJ; 10.87 g; MV 800 m/s
Cone point: FMJ; 10.69 g; MV 820 m/s
H-Mantle: JHP; 11.66 g; MV 780 m/s
Brenneke universal: 11.66 g; MV 777 m/s
Match: FMJ; 12.31 g; MV 750 m/s
Manufacturer
Metallwerk Elisenhütte GmbH Nassau (MEN)
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.55 g; V10 845 ±15 m/s
Armour-piercing: 11.1 g; V10 780 ±15m/s
Ball: Match: HPBT; 10.9 g; V10 805 ±15 m/s
Blank: Brass case, fluted crimp to represent bullet; pollutant reduced
AP: Steel, plated with gilding metal and a tin layer; tungsten carbide core; 11.1 g; MV 780 m/s
Ball: SFC HP, spiral grooves, coated; 10.0 g; V10 815 ±15 m/s
Ball: FMJ; subsonic; 13.0 g; V10 300 ±10m/s
Greece
Manufacturer
Pyrkal Greek Powder & Cartridge Co SA
Type: Ball: FMJ; MV 838 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; MV 838 m/s
AP-HC: FMJ; steel core
India
Manufacturer
Indian Ordnance Factory Varangaon
Type: M80 ball: FMJ, SL; 9.65 g; MV 817 ±9 m/s
Tracer M62: FMJ; 9.2 g; dark ignition, trace 100 to 800 m; MV 817 ±9 m/s
Indonesia
Manufacturer
PT Pindad
Type: Ball: MU-2TJ; FMJ; 9.45 g; V10 837 m/s
Tracer: MU-2N; FMJ; 9.15 g; V10 837 m/s
Sniper: MU-2TJS; HPBT; 10.91 g; V10 815 m/s
Ball: MU-2UL; JSP; 10.5 g; V10 830 m/s
Ball: MU-2H; sound level min 90 dB
Iran
Manufacturer
Ammunition Industries Group (AMIG)
Ball: 9.45 g; MV 837 m/s
Tracer: 9.3 g; MV 834 m/s
Israel
Manufacturer
Israel Military Industries (IMI)
Type: M80 ball: FMJ; 9.72 g; MV 852 m/s
Tracer M62: FMJ; 9 g; MV 837 m/s
AP M61: FMJ; steel core; 9.91 g; MV 852 m/s
HP test: FMJ; 9.72 g; pressure 4,746 kg/cm2
Grenade-launcher: Crimped; pressure 850 kg/cm2
Ball 30AM: FMJ, SL; 9.72 g; MV 853 m/s
Ball 30CM: JSP, SL; 9.72 g; MV 853 m/s
Ball 33CM: JSP, SL; 10.69 g; MV 823 m/s
Ball 36CM: JSP, SL; 11.66 g; MV 792 m/s
Italy
Manufacturer
Europa Metalli
Type: Ball: FMJ; lead core; 9.6 g; MV 780 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; lead core; dark ignition trace visible 40 to >775 m; trajectory crosses ball at 550 m; 9.20 g; MV 782 m/s
Short-range: Lead/brass jacket with plastic nose; 5.7 g; V24 810 m/s; maximum range 1,300 m
Plastic training: Copper/zinc sleeve containing a plastic core, exposed at the tip; 4.6 g; V24 920 m/s; maximum range 1,100 m
Blank: Brass case elongated and crimped to represent bullet
Korea, South
Manufacturer
Poongsan Metal Corporation
Type: Ball 308A: PSP; 9.72 g; MV 806 m/s
Ball 308B: FMJ; 9.52 g; MV 838 m/s
Ball 308C: PSP; 11.66 g; MV 735 m/s
Malaysia
Manufacturer
SME Ordnance SDN BHD
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.45 g; V23 838 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; 8.95 g; V23 817 m/s
Pakistan
Manufacturer
Pakistan Ordnance Factories
Type: Ball L2A2: FMJ; MV 810 m/s
Tracer L5A3: FMJ; red trace; MV 795 m/s
Blank L10A2: Star crimp, brass case; 12.75 g
Blank rifle grenade: Taper crimp, brass case; 13.95 g
Portugal
Manufacturer
Indep
Type: Ball M350: FMJ; lead core, SL; 9.45 g; MV 844 m/s
Tracer M351: FMJ; lead core; semi-streamlined, red trace to 775 m; 8.95 g; MV 841 m/s
Sniper ball M359: FMJ; lead core; 9.45 g; MV 840 m/s
Match ball M435: JHP, S/L; lead core; 11.66 g; MV 755 m/s
Match ball M436: JHP, S/L; lead core; 12.32 g; MV 755 m/s
Ball 0.308 Win: FMJ; lead core; 9.45 g; MV 844 m/s
AP M352: FMJ; lead envelope, steel core; 9.45 g; MV 837 m/s
HP test: FMJ; pressure 4,600 kg/cm2
Blank: Brass case, rose or plain crimp
Grenade-launcher: Brass case; chamber pressure <=750 kg/cm2
Russian Federation
Manufacturer
Barnaultransmach JSC
Type: Ball: FMJ; lead core; 9.4 g; MV 820 m/s
Manufacturer
LVE Plant (Novosibirsk Low-Voltage Equipment)
Type: Ball SC: FMJ, steel core; 9.45 g; MV 820-835 m/s
Ball AP: FMJ; 9.43 g; 820-835 m/s
Serbia and Montenegro
Manufacturer
Yugoimport-SDPR
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.4 g; MV 825 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; red trace, dark ignition, visible from 115 m to >830 m; 8.5 g; MV 800 m/s
Blank: Steel case, crimped
Ball: FMJ; 9.4 g; MV 865 m/s
Ball: JSP; 9.7 g; MV 844 m/s
Ball: JSP; 11.7 g; MV 738 m/s
HP test Type 1: FMJ; 9.4 g; pressure 4,200 ±150 kg/cm2
HP test Type 2: FMJ; 9.4 g; pressure 5,000 ±100 kg/cm2
Singapore
Manufacturer
Chartered Ammunition Industries, Singapore Technologies(CAI)
Type: M80 ball: V24 838 m/s; conforms to US Mil-Spec MIL-C-46931
Tracer M62: V24 838 m/s; trace to >=777 m; conforms to US Mil-Spec MIL-C-46281
AP M61: V24 838 m/s; conforms to US Mil-Spec MIL-C-60617; penetrates 6 mm chrome nickel plate (Brinell 450) at 100 m
South Africa
Manufacturer
PMP, a division of Denel (Pty) Ltd
Type: M80 ball: V24 838 m/s; conforms to US Mil Spec MIL-C-46931
Ball: M62 tracer: V24 813 m/s; trace to >= 777 m; conforms to US Mil spec MIL-C-46281
Ball: Metal blank: Crimp sealed with lacquer
Spain
Manufacturer
General Dynamics Santa Barbara Sistemas
Type: Ball: FMJ; MV 815 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; MV 820 m/s
AP: FMJ; MV 867 m/s
Survival: Shot loading over wad; no external bullet; effective range 50 m
HP test: FMJ; pressure 4,200 kg/cm2
Blank: Long or short crimp
Sweden
Manufacturer
Bofors-Carl Gustaf
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.45 g; MV 840 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; red trace visible 110 to 1,000 m; 9.05 g; MV 825 m/s
AP: FMJ; heavy metal penetrator in soft casing; 8.2 g; MV 970 m/s; armour penetration 13 mm at 300 m
Short-range practice: Plastic bullet; 0.7 g
Blank: Wooden bullet
Tracer: FMJ; 9.1 g; MV 450 m/s; for use in subcalibre training device in 84 mm Carl Gustav ReCoilLess (RCL) gun
Manufacturer
Norma AB
Type: Ball 17623: JSP; 8.4 g; MV 884 m/s
Ball 17615: HPBT Berger bullet; 10.9 g; MV 820 m/s
Ball 17616: HPBT Sierra bullet; 12.3 g; MV 785m/s
Ball 17624: JSP; 9.7 g; MV 880 m/s
Ball 17679: FMJ; 10.9 g; MV 777 m/s
Ball 17628: Plastic point; 11.6 g; MV 820 m/s
Ball 17635: JSP; 11.6 g; MV 820 m/s
Ball 17636: JSP; 11.6 g; MV 820 m/s
Ball 17660: JSP; 11.6 g; MV 820 m/s
Ball 17681: JSP; SL; 11.6 g; MV 750 m/s
Ball 17683: JSP; 13 g; MV 750 m/s
Manufacturer
Nammo Vanasverken AB
Type: Sniper 9 AP: FMJ; 9.4 g; 840 m/s
Switzerland
Manufacturer
RUAG Ammotec
Type: Swiss P ball: FMJ; 11.4 g; MV 790 m/s
Swiss P armour-piercing: Full Metal Jacket Hard Core (FMJHC); 12.7 g; MV 810 m/s; penetration 300 m; body armour class 4++
Swiss P ball: HPBT; 10.9 g; MV 805 m/s
Swiss P Styx action: HPBT; 10.8 g; MV 810 m/s
Swiss P subsonic ball: HPBT; 13.0 g; MV 320 m/s
Swiss P target: HPBT; 10.9 g; MV 805 m/s
Note: Swiss P cartridges are ballistically matched to a range of 300 m, except subsonic
Turkey
Manufacturer
Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kumuru (MKEK)
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.3 g; MV 850 m/s
Tracer: FMJ; red trace; 9 g; MV 835 m/s
Blank: Brass case, star crimp
United Arab Emirates
Manufacturer
Adcom Manufacturing
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.3 g; V24 838 m/s
Tracer M62: FMJ 8.8 g; red trace visible to 600 m; velocity adjusted to obtain best match with ball trajectory
Blank M82: Brass case; crimped and sealed nose; 13.4 g
AP: FMJ; steel core; 9.5 g; penetrates 3.5 mm SAE 1010 steel plate at 100 m or 8 mm SAE 1010 steel plate at 450 m; V24 838 m/s
United Kingdom
Manufacturer
British Aerospace Defence Ltd, Royal Ordnance Division
Type: Ball L2A2: FMJ; 9.33 g; MV 855 m/s (international qualified)
Ball sniper L38A1: FMJ; 9.33 g; MV 870 m/s
Ball green-spot target: FMJ; 9.33 g; MV 870 m/s; FOM <76 mm at 500 m
Tracer L5A3: FMJ; red trace to 1,000 m; 8.75 g; MV 855 m/s
Sniper L38A1: FMJ; 9.33 g; MV 850 m/s
Target: FMJ; 9.33 g; MV 850 m/s
Blank L13A2: Brass case, crimped nose
United States
Manufacturer
Black Hills Ammunition
Type: Ball: Hollow-point match; 10.8 g; MV 807 m/s
Ball: Hollow-point match; 11.3 g; MV 792 m/s
Ball: Ballistic tip; 10.6 g; MV 807 m/s
Manufacturer
Cor-Bon Ammunition
Type: Ball: JHP; 8.1 g; MV 960 m/s
Manufacturer
Eldorado Cartridge Corp (PMC Ammunition)
Type: Ball: FMJ; 9.5 g; MV 839 m/s
Ball: FMJ; 10.8 g; MV 792 m/s
Ball Match: HPBT; 10.8 g; MV 808 m/s
Manufacturer
Engel Ballistic Research
Type: Subsonic ball (Thumper): FMJ; 11.6 g; MV 305 m/s
Subsonic ball (PBS): JHP; 10.6 g; MV 305 m/s
Subsonic ball: FMJ; 14.2 g; MV 305 m/s
Manufacturer
Federal Cartridge Co
Type: Ball: JHP match; 10.88 g; MV 792 m/s
Ball: JHP match; 11.34 g; MV 792 m/s
Ball: JHP match; 10.04 g; MV 899 m/s
Ball: FMJ; 9.72 g; MV 859 m/s
Ball: Bonded SP; 10.69 g; MV 945 m/s
Manufacturer
Glaser Safety Slug Inc
Type: Ball: Glaser Blue; 8.42 g; MV 914 m/s
Manufacturer
Hansen Cartridge Co
Type: Ball: FMJ, SL; 9.7 g; MV 852 m/s
Ball: JSP; 9.7 g; MV 870 m/s
Ball: JSP; 11.7 g; MV 780 m/s
Ball: FMJ; 8.1 g; MV 923 m/s
Manufacturer
HJ Ballistic Research
Type: Subsonic ball: FMJ; 12.9 g; MV 297 m/s
Manufacturer
Hornady Manufacturing Co
Type: Frangible ball: TAP precision; 10.8 g; MV 822 m/s
Manufacturer
Longbow Inc
Type: Frangible ball: Copper powder and epoxy; 7.7 g; MV 792 m/s
Manufacturer
Remington Arms Inc
Type: Accelerator: Armour-Piercing Discarding-Sabot (APDS) ball; FMJ in plastic sabot; 3.6 g; MV 1,243 m/s
Ball: PSP; 9.7 g; MV 860 m/s
Ball: PSP; 11.7 g; MV 798 m/s
Ball: SP; 11.7 g; MV 798 m/s
Ball: Hollow-point match; 10.9 g; MV 817 m/s
Ball: Extended-range; FMJ; 11.5 g; MV 798 m/s
Manufacturer
Talon Manufacturing Co
Type: Ball: JHP match; 11.3 g; MV 810 m/s
Manufacturer
Winchester-Olin
Type: Ball M80: FMJ; 9.52 g; V25 838 m/s
Tracer M62: FMJ; red trace; 9.2 g; V25 838 m/s
Ball Sabot Light Armour Penetrator (SLAP) M948: 5.56 mm tungsten bullet in plastic sabot; 4.02 g; V25 1,220 m/s
Tracer SLAP M959: 5.56 mm bullet in plastic sabot; red trace; 3.82 g; V25 1,220 m/s
Match ball M852: FMJ; 10.89 g; V25 777 m/s
Special match ball M118: FMJ; 11.15 g; V25 777 m/s
Ballistic silvertip match: FMJ; 10.9 g; MV 814 m/s
SLAP sniper: 5.56 mm tungsten bullet in plastic sabot; 3.36 g; MV 1,340 m/s
UPDATED

7.62 × 51 mm international rounds produced by FN Herstal SA: from left, ball SS77/1, tracer L78, AP P80, API PI86 and blank

Comparison of PPI and conventional AP bullets

Examples of Bofors-Carl Gustaf 7.62 × 51 mm AP rounds showing penetration performance

7.62 mm international round

Black Hills tactical limited-penetration match-grade cartridges
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© 2004 Jane's Information Group Charles Q Cutshaw
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Old 01-31-2005, 01:06 PM   #2
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 DaRkWoLf's Avatar
 
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Nice post garand.
 
Old 01-31-2005, 05:51 PM   #3
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From: USA

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Excellent information Garand. Thanks.
 
Old 02-01-2005, 09:17 PM   #4
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what's excellent about it? Only an idiot would shoot at what he can't see, post shtf. When the enemy has cover, YOU better have cover. You donlt have to take or hold any ground, and mobility and remaining undetected are your main "weapons. Nothing about being in the open, or firing lots of noisy rds, at too great ranges or at what you can't see makes any sense at all for the survivalist. The militaries of the world long ago abandoned the 308 rifle, for good reason. It just doesn't get enough more hits to be worth the penalties of wt, and not having a can.
 
Old 02-01-2005, 09:42 PM   #5
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Fu*k are you stupid or what????



 
Old 02-02-2005, 02:55 AM   #6
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He's just going to find out the hard way. . .
 
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